World History: Ephesus

Ephesus, one of the most important cities of antiquity, was an ancient harbor city in Anatolia. It was the starting point of the so-called royal highway and the center of trade and culture. Ephesus is no more by the Aegean Sea because a nearby river filled up the area where Ephesus is located. Today it is approximately 6-7 km away from the Aegean Sea. Ephesus, colonized by the Ionians was one of the most important cities of Ionia. The history of Ephesus goes back to 2000 BC. It used to serve as a bridge between East and West. That is why it became the center of commerce at that time. During its Golden Age, the population of the city was about a quarter of a million.

When ships arrived in the harbor, sailors would walk along the Arcadian Way to the center of the city. During the Roman Ages, this road was lighted. Built into Pion Mountain in the background is the amphitheater of Ephesus.

This is a view of the stage of the theater with the Arcadian Way in the background. The theater’s acoustics are so good that when a coin is dropped on the stage, you can hear it from the top row of seats.

This is the Library of Celsus in Ephesus. It is estimated to have had about 10,000 hand-written books.

Above is one of the statues at the entrance of the library.

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Ephesus contains some of the world’s best preserved ruins.

For further information about and photos:
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Ephesus Ancient City
Ephesus Pictures: from Dick Osseman